Tree Service Owensboro is coming to you with more great content about tree pruning. We have been stocking up on the knowledge and reading every book about tree service and tree pruning we can get our hands on. Here is an excerpt from a book called The Pruning Guide, and this book was authored by Steve Bradley
A healthy tree is a beautiful one! Control of pests and diseases is essential and it is easiest if the cause of these afflictions can be removed as early as possible. Pruning is one way in which this can be done. In the early stages, pests and diseases interfere with training; in an aged specimen, they hasten the end; whilst at all stages of growth, they are unsightly, can destroy flowers or fruit and weaken branches. The fall of a large branch can mean severe damage or even death to the tree.
Routine spraying can control pests and some diseases in shrubs and young trees but it becomes impracticable (if not impossible) on large trees, when pruning is the only feasible method of control. Most of the diseases which conducts water, minerals and starches throughout the plant.
Once infection occurs, branches are killed as they succumb to the spread of the disease and if the trunk becomes infected, the plant will die. The disease organism travels beyond the wood it has killed and, before very long, apparently healthy sections of the plant become infected. This can usually be detected by a brown interior staining. When diseased wood is being removed, always cut back to sound wood(wood where there is no staining). Dead wood is always unsightly and likely to break off, causing damage. It is the main source of disease which can spread from the dead wood to the live (e.g. coral spot), so always remove it.
Optimizing Growth and Flowers
A tree or shrub in strong, active growth produces few flowers and over-heavy pruning can delay or even prevent flowering. Pruning can delay or even prevent flowering. Pruning in the early years should be sufficient only for training. Once a tree has come into full flowering, shoot production will decline until, at maturity, very little annual growth is being added.
In a mature plant, it is the young wood which produces leaves and, in many plants, even the flowers, whilst twitch age the quality of these and the rate at which they are produced declines. It is therefore desirable to encourage a woody plant to maintain the production of some young wood by judicious pruning.
Improving Flowers and Fruit
The more flowers and fruit a plant produces, the smaller they become, as can be witnessed on an unpruned rose bush or fruit tree. Pruning reduces the amount of wood and so diverts energy into the production of larger, though fewer, flowers and/or fruit. The length of flower spikes on an unpruned Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush) may be 10cm (4in) but can exceed 30cm (1ft) on one that has been pruned hard.
Leaves are produced only on current season’s growth. The more vigorous this is, the larger will be the leaves, and in plants with coloured leaves, the more intense will be the coloured barks which are especially colourful in winter. The best colour is produced on young stems and the greatest leng and most intense colour results from hard pruning.”
As you can see by this delightful excerpt it talks about how pruning a bush takes away some of the growing room for flowers so it will have fewer and therefore the ones that do grow will be healthier and more attractive because it will put more energy into the few. Overall this book about pruning has been incredibly helpful and helps us not only the knowledge we have but add to the knowledge of trimming trees. Very handy if you ask us!